Art of Composition in Photography- Tips and Examples

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Guest Article By : Siddharthan Raman

The difference between a Snapshot and Greatshot is a composition. The way the photographer view the subject is very different. Siddharth talking about Art of Composition in Photography. Please check the below points with examples.

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1) Point of View

Before picturing something always try to view the field as a photograph, which helps us in getting knowledge of what to cover and what not to. Getting in line with the subject rather than shooting from an adjacent angle will produce great results. Also trying to photograph from an altitude or Deep below will produce interesting angles and vision which a viewer has never seen before.

0Stop fighting - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Adrian Sommeling

Power - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Vladimir Zivancevic – krug

Predator - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Shlomi Nissim

Leave it all behind - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Rahmat Mulyono

2) Simplicity

Try to keep the frame very simple, this helps the viewer to focus only on the subject. In other words a Minimalistic approach. Choosing your subject wisely and framing them will make the picture look great. Try to have the background very simple, so that the subject stands out to the viewer.

Cinema Worker - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Marcus Björkman

Quartet - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Rimantas Bikulcius

Warsaw Open 2010 - Klaudia Gawlik - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Piotrek Lakowski

Return as always - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Peter Svoboda

3) Geometrical Shapes

Look for shapes, patterns, symmetries, eye catching geometries, lines & curves. Try to compose the image in accordance with those shapes. Getting those unique symbols inside the frame produces a strong focal point makes the viewer to easily relate to the picture, with certain rhythm.

Lady with hat - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Harry Lieber

Blue City - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Ahmad Alsaif

Geometriical Shapes - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Yongjun Qin

Geometriical Shapes - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Key Gross

4) Balancing the Picture

Balancing the picture using composition avoids the emptiness to your picture, try to balance the weight on the frame using a less important subject or try to relate the main subject with the secondary one. A good balance in pictures can be achieved by mixing lights, shadows, physical elements, characters, contrasting colors and so on. Moving the focal point can give great results in balancing the picture.

Western tour of Camel team - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Tom Lingxiao

Kirkjufell - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Raymó

15 minutes of happyness - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Piet Flour

Insomnia - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Anna Hurtig

5) Abstract Objects Inside

Getting those neutral objects or abstract objects inside the frame induce an extra factor to the image. Try this while shooting monuments or historic places, this will make the image standout from the rest. The viewer is able to sense something apart from the main subject with those abstract objects; it adds some additional drama to the image.

Abstract Objects Inside - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Steve McCurry

Abstract Objects Inside - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Steve McCurry

Abstract Objects Inside - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Steve McCurry

Abstract Objects Inside - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Steve McCurry

6) Cropping

Knowing which format to shoot and cropping to eliminate the errors. Not all the pictures are perfect straight out of the camera, often it is the cropping which makes an image more powerful. It may mean to trim those distractions, get the subject into viewer\’s prime attention, or to change the orientation of the image.

Asleep - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Alain Turgeon

Sunset in Thailand - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Laurentlesax

Pianist - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Ragin

Winter Wonderland - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Elena Karagyozova

7) Depth

Try to induce some depth to the background by focusing on the foreground, giving lot of space to the foreground and filling them with strong subject, makes the human mind to separate the layers. Natural light can play a great role in creating depth to an image. Also creating these depths makes the viewer visualize them in a wider angle.

Water & Light - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Jeanie Lazenby

The beauty of Spring - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Lazy Vlad

Lonely - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Syaifullah Maulana

Fireball - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Marc Adamus

8. Rules

Following the Rule of thirds, Golden section, Golden triangles, Spiral, Golden mean, will produce great results. One need not think about these while pressing the shutter, cropping in post will help practically, although all these come naturally to a photographer after a period of practice.

Butterfly in first sunlight - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Johannes van Donge

Talacre - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Chris Miles

Sky Erupts Instead - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Rick Lundh

9) Negative Space

Negative space creates more attention towards the subject, widely used in art photography. Negative space is the space around your subject; the space can be totally contrasting from the subject making it visually easier for the viewer to grasp. Basically this makes the viewer eliminate those areas in his perception and focus directly on the subject inside the entire frame.

The six steadfast - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Harry Lieber

Exit - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Christos Dimitriou

Anne - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : François CONSTANT

Half - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Zarko Aleksic

10) Breaking the rules

“Learn the rules first, and then learn to break the rules effectively” try to break all the rules mentioned above which makes your work unique, if u shoot something contrasting to all the rules above and still find it spot on and visually appealing. Go ahead.

Talking about secrets - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Balazs Pataki

Tornado - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Usman Arafat

Reach - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Jacob Jovelou

Little nightmares - Photography Composition
Photo Credit : Koen Pieters

Guest Article By : Siddharthan Raman

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  • Priya Thomas

    Great Article.. Lovely photographs.

    • http://www.yahoo.com/ Nelly

      So much info in so few words. Tolsoty could learn a lot.

  • Raja Jay

    Well said…

  • jaikumar

    Very nice article and its very useful.. thanks a lot

  • ayashok

    nice one 121 team and sidhu

  • Avinash Bhandary

    Great Article Sid, Thanks for sharing your thoughts.

  • Meghana

    Great examples of photographs. Totally love this.

  • prabhu karan

    thanks sir very useful photographys

  • swarat

    hey Sid,
    great article bro!! and awesome selection of pics!!

    regrds,
    Swarat Ghosh

  • Sudharshun

    Nice article..!

  • Arun Titan

    wonderful article and examples!!!

  • Vasanthkumar K

    Very nice and useful one

  • Nirmal

    Nice Article and examples!

  • Saravanan D

    Excellent series…

  • Sudir

    nicely done bud!! anyway could u make ahotner video about removing or cloning the car rig, so that it can be gone in photoshop, step by step in details? or u have a link about that one? many thx

  • http://fb.com/sankarsalvady Sankar Salvady

    Very well article, great points and great pictures to prove them

  • Saumya

    Beautiful images !

  • Kamal Aakarsh

    Beautiful article. Excellent examples. The minimalism that is present in some of the photographs is breathtaking.

  • Alan Pillant

    Great tips and very nice selection of pictures too!

  • http://Eklabloglephotographe Litzler

    Great

  • http://WebsiteURL Madhusudan Ambaldaghe

    wonderful collections of articles.

  • Hussein Aliyu

    very useful hints

  • José Gregorio Aguilar

    Great tips!

  • François

    wonderfull…..